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Module How to Follow a Low Sodium Diet

腰椎间盘突出症的症状,腰椎间盘突出症的症状,腰椎间盘突出症的症状,Note that while this module concentrates on following a low-sodium diet, other nutritional issues may be of concern to you as well. For example, everyone should watch the amount of t they eat.

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Also, if you have diaes, you should watch the amount of sugar you eat. These issues are discussed in more detail in Module : Lifestyle Changes. 织梦内容管理系统

This module provides information on:

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This module has a lot of information in it. You dont have to read it all at once. You may find it helpful to read it by sections and to come back whenever you have questions about a low-sodium diet.

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What is a Low-Sodium Diet? copyright dedecms

A low-sodium diet includes no more than , to , milligrams (mg) of sodium per day. That is the same as to grams of sodium a day. To give you an idea of how much that is, teaspoon of salt = approximately , mg sodium.

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People with mild heart ilure (no or mild symptoms with vigorous or moderate exercise) are usually asked to limit their sodium intake to , mg per day. 织梦好,好织梦

People with moderate to severe heart ilure (symptoms with light exercise, household chores or at rest) are usually asked to limit their sodium intake to , mg per day. 织梦好,好织梦

Check with your health care provider on the sodium limit that is best for you. dedecms.com

Cutting Back on Salt

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If you need to limit the amount of salt and sodium in your diet, here are some suggestions from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute: 织梦好,好织梦

Pay attention to the serving size listed on the label. If you eat two cups of a food, but the serving size is one cup, youll need to double the amount of sodium listed. copyright dedecms

Look for foods that use one of these terms on the label: sodium-free, very low sodium, low sodium, reduced sodium, light in sodium or unsalted. dedecms.com

You can reduce your sodium intake by as much as percent by following the first two tips. People often say food tastes bland without salt. You can make foods taste good without salt by trying the following tips: 本文来自织梦

Try using seasonings like black, cayenne, or lemon pepper. Dried and fresh herbs such as garlic, garlic or onion powder (not salt), dill, parsley, and rosemary are also naturally very low in sodium. Combination spice mixes in a bottle are great as long as sodium or salt is not one of the ingredients. 内容来自dedecms

Sprinkle fresh lemon juice over vegetables and salads. Season or marinade meat, poultry and fish ahead of time with onion, garlic, and your vorite herbs before cooking to bring out the flavor. 织梦好,好织梦

Avoid spices and seasoning mixes with the word salt or sodium in the name. They will be high in sodium. For example, just a teaspoon of a seasoned salt such as garlic salt or celery salt contains about , mg of sodium. The chart here lists high-sodium seasonings. 织梦好,好织梦

It can be fun learning new ways to eat. The following table lists low-sodium seasonings to use when cooking. There are many salt-free seasoning mixes in your supermarket. Look in the spice section for seasonings labeled salt-free.

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Examples of low-sodium spices, herbs, and seasonings. 本文来自织梦

Consider getting a low-salt cookbook. You can find excellent low-salt cookbooks at your local library. You can also buy one at a bookstore or on the Internet.

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After getting used to low-sodium eating, you will be able to adapt your vorite recipes to low-sodium versions. For example, if you like soup, make your own low-sodium version with fresh meat and vegetables. Toss the ingredients into a slow cooker, and use herbs and spices for seasonings. Make extra and freeze some for later meals. 织梦好,好织梦

Use low-sodium substitutes for foods that you like. For example, prepare a fresh, lean pork roast instead of a country ham. You can cook fresh chicken, turkey, roast beef, or pork without adding salt and use the meats for sandwiches instead of packaged lunchmeats. Use fresh lettuce, tomato, and onion for flavoring.This page lists a variety of low-sodium alternatives for high-sodium foods.

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Look for low-sodium versions of the foods you like. Many types of canned goods are now available in low-sodium versions. Look for canned foods labeled sodium-free, no-salt, low-sodium, light in sodium, very low-sodium, reduced-sodium, less-sodium, or unsalted. You can also remove some sodium from canned foods by rinsing them. Keep in mind that this does not remove all of the sodium.

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Look at the labels. Sodium levels often vary widely by brand, so compare labels for the healthier option. Try to find foods where each serving size has no more than percent of your recommended daily sodium.

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Choose fresh or frozen. These products are naturally low in sodium. Cut back on processed foods, which often have higher amounts of salt. 本文来自织梦

Adjust your taste buds gradually. When dining out, request that your meal be served with no salt or less salt. At home, experiment with spices, herbs, garlic, and lemon juice instead of salt. 织梦内容管理系统

Choose fresh foods. Fresh fruits and vegetables including freshly squeezed fruit and vegetable juices have very little sodium. The same is true for fresh meat, poultry, and fish. Generally, you can eat as much fresh food as you want without counting the sodium content. So, think fresh when choosing foods.

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If you are not eating fresh foods, choose other low-sodium foods as much as possible.Other good options include canned fruits and plain frozen vegetables. Dried beans, peas, rice, and lentils are also excellent low-sodium foods, but make sure not to add salt or other ingredients such as salt pork when cooking them. copyright dedecms

By reading food labels, you can learn which foods are high and low in sodium. As a rule, most processed foods whether they are frozen, canned, or boxed, are high in sodium. For example, most frozen TV dinners, frozen snack foods such as pizza rolls and egg rolls, canned vegetables, and instant hot cereals are high in sodium and should be avoided.

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But not all processed foods are high in sodium. Some packaged foods are available in low- or no-salt versions. 本文来自织梦

Sometimes it is hard to know what to eat. The only way to know for sure is to read the food label. It is especially important to read the labels of processed foods or any foods with which you are unmiliar. 织梦内容管理系统

The following charts list some high- and low-sodium foods, so you can get an idea of which foods you should choose and which ones you should avoid.

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The next page will teach you how to read a food label for sodium content.

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Low-Sodium Foods 本文来自织梦

Reading a Food Label for Sodium Content

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Begin by reviewing the serving size and sodium content information (see the circled areas on the sample label to the right). The serving size for the food is cup. The sodium content for that serving is mg. 本文来自织梦

If you eat the same sized serving as the one listed on the label, then you are eating the amount of sodium that is listed. But if the amount you actually eat is either larger or smaller, the amount of sodium you will be eating will also be larger or smaller. 内容来自dedecms

For example, if you eat a double portion of the food shown on the label, you will also be eating twice as much sodium as listed on the label. A -cup serving of the food would contain mg of sodium.

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Tips to Help You Get Started on a Low-Sodium Diet

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It can be difficult to change your eating habits. It may be weeks before you enjoy the taste of low-sodium foods, but your taste buds will adjust. Eventually you may not even miss the salt.

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These tips can help you get off to a good start

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Adapt things you like to eat so they are lower in sodium, rather than trying to totally change your diet.

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Keep a list of low-sodium foods in the kitchen. The refrigerator is a good spot. The chart on page lists some low-sodium foods. 织梦内容管理系统

Learn which foods are high-sodium, and do not buy them. That way you will not be tempted to eat them. The chart on this page lists some high-sodium foods.

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When picking entrees or main food items, no more than one food item should have more than mg of sodium. 本文来自织梦

Think about it this way if your doctor or nurse recommended that you eat , mg of sodium in a day, mg is one-fourth of your daily amount. 本文来自织梦

Tracking the Sodium in Your Diet 织梦好,好织梦

To find out how much sodium you are eating, keep a record of everything you eat and drink for four days. Do not forget to include snacks.

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You can use this chart to track what you eat. (PDF KB) copyright dedecms

If you dont know the sodium content of a particular food, write down the food anyway. Your nurse or dietitian will work with you to estimate the sodium content. You can also look up the sodium content of foods on the Internet. copyright dedecms

Add up the amount of sodium you are eating each day. If you find that you are eating more than , , mg of sodium each day, look at each item on the list to figure out which foods caused the trouble. Think about where you might be able to cut down on sodium.

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You can also review the list of what you ate with your nurse, doctor, or dietitian to find out how your sodium intake compares to what is best for you. 织梦内容管理系统

Question: What is my sodium limit per day?

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Reason for asking this question: Most people with heart ilure should limit their sodium intake, even if they do not have symptoms. Following a low-sodium diet will help prevent fluid from building up in your body and may even decrease your need for some medications. dedecms.com

Your health care provider is the best person to tell you exactly how much sodium you can eat each day, but they may forget to discuss this important aspect of your care. So ask them about your sodium limit. 内容来自dedecms

The next section shows the sodium content of selected foods to give you an idea of how much sodium you consume each day. 织梦内容管理系统

Question: I hear a lot about sodium, but what about potassium? Should I be on a diet that is high or low in potassium? 织梦内容管理系统

Reason for asking this question: Your body needs potassium to work properly, so it is important that you have the right amount in your blood. dedecms.com

Some heart ilure medicines can cause potassium levels to go either up or down. For example:

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Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor and spironolactone pills may cause an increase in potassium. (See Module : Heart Failure Medicines for definitions and more information). 本文来自织梦

Your health care provider should check your blood potassium level and tell you if you need to do anything special to keep your potassium level normal. They may also prescribe a potassium pill to make sure you are getting enough potassium.

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If your potassium level is high, your health care provider may advise you to avoid eating foods high in potassium. Foods high in potassium include: dedecms.com

On the other hand, if you have low potassium, your health care provider may advise you to eat foods high in potassium.

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Hot cereals such as oatmeal, wheat, and oat bran copyright dedecms

(regular cooking, not instant which is high in sodium, cup with no salt added while cooking)

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Cheese

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( oz. cheddar,

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/ cup of cottage cheese,

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/ cup of Parmesan, 织梦内容管理系统

/ oz. of processed cheese, dedecms.com

oz. Swiss cheese)

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Question: Are there sources of sodium that I need to watch out for?

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Answer: Most of the sodium we eat comes from salt, but sodium can also be found in many foods, drinks and medicines.

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Some things you should know about sodium that can help you eat less of it:

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Watch for the word soda on food labels. For example you may see sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) or sodium carbonate on packages. These products contain sodium compounds. Try to avoid them if possible.

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Preservatives account for much of the sodium in processed foods. The names of some high-sodium preservatives are: sodium alginate, sodium sulfite, sodium caseinate, and sodium benzoate.

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Some over-the-counter drugs have large amounts of sodium. Carefully read the labels. Avoid products such as fizzing drugs. dedecms.com

Choose fresh vegetables and foods that are fresh whenever possible. Or, look for canned or frozen foods without added sauces or salt.

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Cut back on convenience foods that are typically high in sodium, such as frozen pizza, TV dinners, instant rice mixes, and canned soups. 织梦好,好织梦

If you must buy packaged or processed foods, check the label first. Whenever possible, choose foods that have less than mg of sodium per grams.

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Question: How can I follow a low-sodium diet when I eat out? 内容来自dedecms

Answer: Many people go out to eat several times each week.

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Eating out, whether it is at a restaurant, a friends house, or a party, can be challenging, if you are on a low- sodium diet. But you can go out to eat and maintain a low-sodium diet, if you are careful. 本文来自织梦

Use the following tips while eating out: dedecms.com

Be specific about what you want and how you want it prepared when ordering. For example, ask that your food be prepared without added salt, monosodium glutamate (MSG) or soy sauce.

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Choose foods without sauces or ask for sauce and salad dressing on the side. If you use salad dressing, dip the tines of your fork into the dressing cup and then pierce your food, instead of pouring the dressing over your food. That way you get the flavor without all the sodium. Use the same technique with other types of sauces such as barbecue, steak, creamed, cheesy, Hollandaise, Alfredo, or red spaghetti sauces. It also works with gravies.

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Limit the use of condiments that are high in sodium such as Worcestershire sauce, steak sauce, or ketchup.

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Avoid dishes named au gratin, Parmesan, hashed, Newberg, casserole, and Devonshire, because they are high in sodium. 织梦好,好织梦

Be careful of foods that are labeled as good for your heart. These foods are usually low-t, but they may be high in sodium. In many cases, salt is used to flavor low-t foods. 内容来自dedecms

Choose the salad bar. It can be an excellent way to eat a low-sodium meal in a restaurant. But remember the following guidelines when selecting items:

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Choose fresh vegetables, fruits, and eggs served in their natural state. That includes lettuce greens, spinach greens, tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, radishes, green peppers, red peppers, all sprouts, fresh mushrooms, broccoli, cauliflower, carrots, red cabbage, and hard boiled eggs.

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Avoid high-sodium foods including croutons, green olives, black olives, shredded cheese, bacon bits, macaroni salad, potato salad, coleslaw, sunflower seeds, pepperoni, Chinese noodles, pickles, and creamy salad dressings.

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Choose the following salad dressings: oil and vinegar, lemon, and flavored vinegars such as balsamic and raspberry.

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Avoid the regular, light, and t-free dressings unless you order on the side and dip your fork tines in the dressing. They are all high in sodium. dedecms.com

If you are at a party, eat fresh fruits and raw vegetables instead of snack foods such as potato chips, salted popcorn, pretzels, or peanuts. Avoid the dips and party spreads because of their high sodium content. If you decrease your sodium intake before and after a big event where you may be eating a lot of high-sodium foods, you can help prevent your body from retaining fluid.

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Question: What can I do to stay on my diet at a st food restaurant, pizza parlor, or deli?

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Answer: Eating at a st food restaurant, pizza parlor, or deli can be especially difficult, because most of the menu items are very high in sodium. 织梦好,好织梦

The chart here lists of the sodium content in some typical types of st foods.

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Still it is possible to make lower sodium choices, if you try the following:

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At st food restaurants, choose: 织梦好,好织梦

A hamburger or grilled chicken sandwich without condiments. Add small amounts of mustard or mayonnaise yourself. 织梦好,好织梦

Vegetarian sandwiches with fresh vegetables, including lettuce, spinach, tomato, onion, fresh mushrooms, radishes, cucumbers, and sprouts.

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Use small amounts of mayonnaise ( tablespoon contains mg of sodium) or mustard ( teaspoon contains mg of sodium) as condiments.

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Avoid items such as the deli meat and cheese sandwiches, sardines, caviar and pickled or brined foods such as olives. dedecms.com

The Heart Failure Society of America, Inc. (HFSA) represents the first organized effort by heart ilure experts from the Americas to provide a forum for all those interested in heart function, heart ilure, and congestive heart ilure (CHF) research and patient care. 内容来自dedecms


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